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Why Hospitals And Families Still Struggle To Define Death

Death seems one of life’s few certainties, but the cases of a girl and a young woman who are being kept on life support even though they are legally dead show how difficult it still can be to agree on replica wallets the end of life.

Replica Bags Wholesale In Oakland, Calif., the family of 13 year old Jahi McMath waged a legal battle to override at least three neurologists who said that the child died when her brain lost all function after complications from a tonsillectomy. Though a coroner has issued an official replica bags buy online death certificate for her, Jahi’s family won the right to keep their child on a ventilator. Replica Bags Wholesale

The husband and parents of 33 year old Marlise Munoz replica designer bags wholesale in Fort Worth, Texas, were ready to accept their loss when doctors declared her brain dead after a suspected brain embolism. But Munoz was 14 weeks pregnant when she was afflicted. Because of that, the hospital has refused to remove her from a ventilator, despite her loved ones’ wishes.

Replica Designer Handbags Both cases run counter to a definition of death that has been used for decades, with rare exceptions. If a person experiences the designer replica luggage “irreversible cessation of all functions of the brain,” he or she is considered legally dead. Replica Designer Handbags

What’s replica bags confusing is that someone who is brain dead can look and feel alive they can keep breathing replica designer backpacks with the help of a ventilator, and their hearts can keep beating. Given the right treatment, many luxury replica bags of their bodily functions aaa replica bags can stay intact for weeks and months after they are considered medically and legally dead.

aaa replica designer handbags “Many people confuse brain death buy replica bags with coma, high quality replica bags vegetative state or other disorders of consciousness,” says Dr. James Bernat, a neurologist who directs the clinical ethics program at the Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center and serves on the World Health Organization committee on standards for death determination. aaa replica designer handbags

replica Purse “In a coma or vegetative state, a person is alive,” Bernat tells Shots. In both cases, there’s evidence of neurological function patients can usually breathe on their own, their reflexes might still be intact and they might respond to outside stimuli. replica Purse

Replica Handbags “In brain death, there is zero brain function,” Bernat says. Replica Handbags

replica handbags china Doctors use a slew of different tests to determine if a person is best replica designer bags brain dead. They test reflexes and see if the patient tries to breathe when carbon dioxide levels in the blood increase. If the patient shows no signs of brain function throughout these tests, they are officially brain dead. replica handbags china

A brain dead person can never recover, Bernat says. The best doctors can do at that point is to offer compassion. That might mean keeping the patient on a ventilator until the family says its goodbyes.

Fake Designer Bags It might also mean suggesting that the family donate their loved one’s organs to save someone else’s life, Bernat says. “Studies have shown that this is something that can create some good out of an otherwise tragic situation.” Fake Designer Bags

replica handbags online https://www.onlinereplicabags.com Indeed, explaining the situation to family members can be the biggest challenge for doctors, says high replica bags Arthur Caplan, who heads the bioethics division at New York University Langone Medical Center. replica handbags online

Wholesale Replica Bags “I think some of the difficulty in medicine is not uncertainty about brain death or when death comes, it’s about how bag replica high quality to manage it,” Caplan tells Shots. Wholesale Replica Bags

Fake Handbags While hospitals should give families time to say goodbye, Caplan cheap designer bags replica says, they also shouldn’t keep these patients on ventilators indefinitely. Fake Handbags

Designer Fake Bags In McMath’s case, Caplan best replica bags says, “I think doctors or nurses or facilities who. view publisher site keep dealing with this body to keep maintaining the appearance of best replica bags online life, they really ought to be investigated because they’re not acting in an ethical manner. They’re not letting the family come to an acceptance of what has happened.” Designer Fake Bags

Replica Bags Media coverage of brain death can cloud public understanding, Caplan says. “I’ve seen headlines replica bags online that have said ‘Little girl brain dead, now pronounced dead,’ ” he says. “That gives the suggestion that maybe brain death isn’t death.” Replica Bags

And beyond legal and medical definitions, life and death are rarely simple or clear cut. Just ask any poet or philosopher.

A Struggle To Define ‘Death’ For Organ Donors

Handbags Replica “The fight over what it means to be dead is essentially a philosophical or religious fight,” says Robert Veatch, a professor of medical ethics at Georgetown University’s Kennedy Institute of Ethics. “In many ways,” he says, “it’s the abortion question at the other end of life.” Handbags Replica

purse replica handbags To reflect that, two states, New York and New Jersey, allow doctors and hospitals take into account families’ religious and moral views in determining death. purse replica handbags

Designer Replica Bags “At least in New replica designer bags Jersey there replica bags china can be living people with dead brains,” Veatch tells Shots. A coroner can choose to hold off on declaring that a brain dead person is dead if the family objects to that definition of death for religious reasons. Designer Replica Bags

In effect, Veatch says, as long as the family members are able to pay to keep a brain dead relative on the ventilator, legally they can do so for as long as they’d like.

There are three main schools of thought on death, Veatch says. There’s the commonly accepted view that a person is dead when all brain functions cease. But there’s also the view that a person high quality designer replica is only dead after their heart stops beating. That’s the view held by many Orthodox Jews and Native Americans, as well as buy replica bags online some Catholics and fundamental Protestants, Veatch says.

wholesale replica designer handbags And there’s a third variation. While most definitions of brain death mean that all parts of a person’s brain are out of commission, Veatch and some others believe that a person can be best replica designer brain dead even if certain minor functions of the brain remain. For example, if a patient shows a gag reflex, but no other signs of life, they should be considered brain high end replica bags dead. wholesale replica designer handbags

high quality replica handbags Though most laws and medical practices are based on the definition that equates total loss of brain function to death, replica bags from china Veatch says, “There’s nothing illogical or unscientific 7a replica bags wholesale about choosing either of the other two groups of concepts of death.” high quality replica handbags

KnockOff Handbags It makes sense to let families choose between the three definitions, he says. “I don’t see any reason why we will ever have unanimous agreement on that question.” KnockOff Handbags.

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