Nowadays it is rather important to understand if someone uses your WI-FI. It does not matter you are a business or a family user. You have to know if your information is safe, your bandwidth is not being stolen or someone does not try to hack your system.
Fortunately there are a lot of tricks how to disclose if someone is on your connection and also how to make away with them.
- To create a new password. To change admin password you have to get an access to your router’s admin gateway. You can choose any of ID address: 192.168.1.1, 192.168.1.254 or others.
Optionally you can serf to our site where you can find login details for various router models.
After you access your router setting panel you should change your login and choose rather complex and long password. The most secure password is the one that contains a random mix of lower and upper letters, also numerals, special characters. Use any site to create a secure password.
- To create a new network name. Don’t forget to change your network name. After you get an access to your setting panel you should generate a new SSID that means service set identifier. It’s better to make up any name rather than to applicate the factory default.
- To disable WPS. Foremost Wi-Fi-Protected Setup is a special technology which helps to adjust your WI-FI and to make a connection of your network and a computer or any other device. There is the most common way of connection by pressing a button on both devices. Otherwise you can use a special PIN code that you can find on your router’s sticker. These methods are simple but not safe. Both WI-FI password and WPS can be hacked in some hours. So the decision is to disable WPS.
- To update a firmware. Very small percentage of users updates their firmware. But in reality this process helps to increase security. This way of defaulting a router to factory settings is not complicated and time-consuming.
- To create a guest network. Sometimes your guests or visitors need internet connection. So you have to give them your password. There is a chance that these guests may pass this information to someone else. So your network becomes unsecured. But the way out is to create a guest network that will put your visitors online on virtual network directly.
- To use a VPN. Hard to believe but you can access your home network across an encrypted internet tunnel even when you are away. You just need a Dynamic DNS (DDNS) service to resolve a domain name to your router as a home user. So you can use hotel or café WI-FI with no worries.
- To activate MAC filtering. Media Access Code (MAC) determines a list of MAC-addresses that are able to get an access to your network and also you can block access to unwelcome devices. MAC is an optional protective measure for your network.
- To change IP addresses range. Almost all routers have the same range of local addresses- 192.168.1.x or 192.168.0.x. It makes automated attacks possible. So use any 10.x.x.x or 192.168.x.x, 172.16.x.x, 172.31.x.x.
- To deactivate unused network services. There are a lot of network services and additional functions that you don’t use. Some of them even have well-known vulnerabilities. So if you don’t need them deactivate such functions as for example SSH, FTP, Telnet, media server (UPnP), SMB (Samba), TFTP, IPv6 and others.
- To log out when you finish your work in a router. It’s not enough just to close a page, don’t leave authentication session activated.